cosmopolitanism

The Uncanny Golden Country: Late-Modernist Utopia in Nineteen Eighty-Four

“My new book is a Utopia in the form of a novel”—this is how George Orwell characterized Nineteen Eighty-Four in a letter to a friend on 4 February 1949. As its reception history abundantly documents, it turned out to be an interpretive challenge to read the novel as a utopia.